Approximately 8% of premenopausal women develop ovarian cysts that require treatment. If you experience pelvic pain or bloating and suspect it's because of ovarian cysts, James A. Watson, MD, and his experienced OB/GYN team in Gilroy, California, can help. They diagnose and treat ovarian cysts to offer you relief and reduce the risk of complications. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Watson over the phone or online today.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop on or in your ovaries, the part of your reproductive system that produce eggs and female hormones. Cysts are usually harmless and may go away on their own, but sometimes cysts can become cancerous. During a pelvic exam and on-site ultrasound with Dr. Watson, you can find out if you have ovarian cysts.
Oftentimes you won’t experience symptoms with ovarian cysts, but if you do, you might notice:
Risk factors associated with ovarian cysts include hormone imbalance, pregnancy, endometriosis, previous ovarian cysts, and pelvic infection.
Ovarian cysts that develop after menopause could be cancerous. Complications associated with some ovarian cysts include ovarian torsion and cyst rupture.
To diagnose ovarian cysts, Dr. Watson reviews your symptoms and medical history. He completes a comprehensive physical exam, including a pelvic exam. He may recommend a pelvic ultrasound, blood tests, or laparoscopy using a thin, lighted instrument that allows him to view your ovaries.
Your ovarian cyst treatment plan is based on the severity of your condition and symptoms. Dr. Watson might recommend:
Many times simply keeping an eye on ovarian cysts over time is all that’s needed for treatment, as they might go away on their own within a few months. Dr. Watson can use follow-up pelvic ultrasounds to determine whether cysts have increased in size.
Taking birth control pills or other hormonal contraceptives can prevent ovarian cysts from returning. Birth control won’t get rid of existing ovarian cysts, however.
Minimally invasive procedures allow Dr. Watson to remove ovarian cysts or the affected ovary. He might recommend this treatment option if cysts are large, look abnormal, increase in size, develop after menopause, or are painful.
If your ovarian cyst is cancerous, Dr. Watson can refer you to a cancer specialist for further evaluation. You might require a total hysterectomy with radiation or chemotherapy in some cases.
Don’t let ovarian cysts go undetected and untreated. If you experience unusual symptoms or are due for an annual well-woman exam, schedule an appointment at James A. Watson, MD, over the phone or online today.